PEG 4000

POLYGLYCOL 4000

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PEG 4000 is a polyethylene glycol with a mean molecular weight of 4000. It is a solid form. 


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BENEFITS

·        Excellent solubility in water

·        Very low water content

·        Compatible with hard water

·        Non-volatile

·        Outstanding toxicological safety

 

SAFETY AND MSDS

PEG are non-toxic and physiologically safe so no special safety precautions need to be taken when handling them. For many applications, particularly in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and foodstuffs packging, the physiological safety of PEG is important. When administered orally and cutaneously they are to be rated as non-toxic. The vapour pressure of PEG is so low that inhalation of relevant amounts is impossible. Because of their good physiological tolerability PEG were first included in the US pharmacopoeia already in 1950. Since then they have been listed in numerous pharmacopoeias. The tolerability of PEG in animals improves as the degree of polymerization rises. PEG have no toxic or irritant effect on the skin. Because of low toxicity it was not possible to establish an exact LD50 resulting from skin penetration.

Ecological Data

The behaviour of PEG in effluent is a matter of crucial importance, e.g. in their industrial use in the textile sector and in metal processing. The rate of biodegradation of PEG decreases with increasing molar mass. PEG up to molar mass 1500 are regarded as readily biodegradable. The microbiological degradation of other substances is not inhibited by the presence of PEG. The toxic inhibition limit for bacteria in the fermentation tube test is 5000 mg/l. Investigations within our own labs have shown that even in concentrations of 10000 mg/kg (1%) polyethylene glycols have no adverse effect on fish. Polyethylene glycols in concentration up to 10000 mg/l exhibit no harmful effect of any kind towards daphnia and protozoa.

Waste Disposal

Any PEG to be disposed of waste can be taken, in accordance with the local regulations, to a special waste incineration plant. None of PEG, in concentrations up to 10,000 mg/l water, demonstrates an acute harmful effect on fish or bacteria.  Contact Us

Please contact us for safety and regulatory details or the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). 

TECHNICAL DATA


Appearance at 25 °C

White solid

Colour at 50 °C, APHA

Max. 20

Molecular Mass [g/mol]

3700-4400

OH Value [mg KOH/g]

25-32

pH 5% aqueous solution

5.0-7.5

Water Content [% M/M]

Max. 1

APPLICATION

Polyglycol 4000  is used in ointment mixtures, for example in combination with Polyglycol 400.

 

It is also used as base for suppository masses.

Polyglycol 4000 is frequently used in laxative preparations.

It is suitable a s a readily water-soluble carrier in moulding of detergent blocks.

Polyglycol 4000 is also used as a binder in bath salts, denture cleaners, etc, when they are pressed into tablets.

It is also used as a binder for dishwashing and laundry tabs and multi-phase products.

 

STORAGE

PEG 4000 is stable for 2 years when stored in the original sealed containers in a cool, dry place.

Furthermore the containers should not be exposed to direct sun light. Ambient temperatures for long term storage are preferably between 10°C and 25°C and between 0°C and 30°C as maximum. Storage at higher temperatures is possible only for a short time and should be kept below the solidification point of the products.

The most suitable material for storage tanks is stainless steel, pure aluminium, rubber-or polyethylenelined containers and storage tanks made from glass-fibre-reinforced polyester (GRP). The tank should be ventilated by means of a silica gel dryer. Conventional steel tanks are of limited suitability because after prolonged storage the product may become discoloured owing to traces of iron. 

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